Benefits of Component Atlas for Education! The map is a conventional description of the minimized surface of the earth as it appears when viewed from above plus writing and symbols. Conventionally in that sense is an agreement with experts in the world map. The special science of learning about ways of making maps is called cartography of people who make maps are cartographers.
What is Meant By the Atlas Component?
Maps are composed of several elements or components atlas so that they are integrated into a map. Components or elements of the map include
- Map title
- Astronomical lines
- Map margins
- Map sources
- Years of map making
- Wind eyes
- Map symbols
- Colour maps
- Legend map
Reflects the contents as well as the type of map. Writing the title is usually at the top of the middle, top right, or bottom. However, put it to the top right as far as possible.
Legend is a description of symbols that are key to understanding the map.
In general, the north is indicated by an arrow towards the top of the map. It is in the right place if there are latitude and longitude, coordinates can be as directions.
A scale is a comparison of the distance on the map with the actual distance in the field. A scale is written under the title of the map, outside the edge, or under the legend. The scale is divided into
Number scale. For example 1: 2,500,000. meaning that every 1 cm of distance on the map is equal to 25 km of actual distance unit. Line scale. This scale is made in the form of a horizontal line that has a certain length and each segment is 1 cm or more to represent a certain distance desired by the mapmaker. Verbal scale, ie scale written in words.
Map symbols are signs or images that represent the appearance of the surface of the earth contained in the map appearance, Based on the shape of the symbol can be divided into three, namely as follows:
Line Symbols Line
Symbols are used to represent geographical data related to distance, for example, rivers, roads, rails and boundaries.
Symbols Points are used to represent places, for example, cities, mountains and other important objects.
Area, Symbols Areas are used to represent a certain area, for example, lakes, swamps, deserts and forests.
Type of Letter (Lettering)
Lettering serves to strengthen the meaning of existing symbols. Types of learning use: Hypsographic. Objects are written in upright letters, for example, Surakarta.
Hydrographic Objects are written in italics, for example, the Java Sea.
Astronomical lines consist of latitude and longitude that are used to indicate the location of a place or region formed in opposite directions to each other so that a vector forms which shows the astronomical location.
Inset is a
small map that is inserted on the main map. Inset types include: Inset locator,
function shows the layout of the area that had not been identified
inset explanatory serves to enlarge the areas that are considered important
Inset connector used to connect areas that are cut off at the main map
Outlines map is the line to limit the questions and to put astronomical lines, regularly and correctly on the map.